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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  February 13, 2020 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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narrator: funding for this presentation made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that tehes real life conversations and daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... e freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station om viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, bbc world news.
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the coronavirus outbreainis deepening china. the death toll is up. officials are being sacked. the finance minister has resigned after refusing to sack his advisors. here's his account. >> i was unable to accept those conditions. i don't believe a - self expecta self respected minister would accept that. i thought the best thing to do was to go. ros: mike bloomberg is turning to memes to get into the white house. the idea is to reach to voters that reg.ar ads don't touch weill assess the tactic. ♪ ros: this to statistics around the coronavirus have been revived -- revised. 250 more deaths have been recorded. f almost allem are in hubei
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province where the outbreak began. we have seen a huge increase in hae number of cases. there are more48,000 in hubei, up 15,000 the upward shift is in part because of a broader definition of the virus. it is being used to diagnose people. here's the world health organization on this. >> wet understand that m these crate -- cases relate to a period going back over days and weeks and are retrospectively reported as cases, since sometimes back to the beginning of the outbreak itself. ros: across chi, the number of cases has gone up and up. close to 60,000. the death toll in china is over 1350. in reality, that figur is higher because those who die at home are not being counted in the bbc has spoken to people. here's one person quoting a person saying we would rather die at home then go into quarantine. while this crisisscalates, there is pressure on the authorities. two official in hubei have been sacked over this crisis.
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l's get more from steven mcdonnell in beijing on tt. reporter: as to whether orot the dismissal of those two senior communist p officials on this ry day is a coincidence or not, i'm not sure. it does not look good for them. the hubei secretary and the party secretary as well for wun city have both been removed. dy had to take a fall fo this. there is a lot of public anger. a lot could have been done to bring this millions of people left wuhan. and in fact, thereof is a lo evidence showing in those early days, they tried to stop information getting out. ros: misses celia on who will replace these officials. reporter: the two new place -- two men in place our loyal test -- loyalists to xi jinping. one comes from shanghai. he is a man known for tough security measures, but also last ,ye he implemented a citywide
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recycling program. impressive. dsn't sound that but in a city of 23 million, almostrn oht to get all of those people to suddenly follow new rules, he managf. to pull it the program is still in place and is being carried out across china. here's a man known for security projts overnight really big ros: those skills will be needed as scientists and officials wfak together tion an affective response. for more on that's david heyman who directed the who's outbreak in 2003.ars virus david: we are concerned about what we don't know. kw so far what is happening and what we can see. what we don't know is the real. pontial of this virus whether or not this eventually could become a disease endemic in humans by -- like tb, influenza and others. nza comes from animals into humans. and it sometimes becomes a permanent resident. ros: one other important detail as we know the virus is not spreading quickly ouof china.
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here's david heyman on that. david: certainly it has spread throughout mhina. china ing every effort they can in the way they do best to stop the disease. what is important is those 24 sites outside of china, and also the cruise ship's, that is wherb the informatiot how severe the disease is come from. the patients here are bein monitored closely as are their contacts. awe are learning a l we see what happens in these situations which hopefully willock down the disease in these countries and not permit it to spread further. ros: next, vietnam. a town in the far north of 10,000 people is under quarantine following five cases of the virus. we have this image of one if the checkpoints being set the outskirts of the town. from vietnam to cambodia. e u.s. cruise shi which had been turned away by five countries has finally docked. he it is. it spent the last two weeks searching for somewhere to stop, despite the fact that there were no confirmed cases on board.
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passengerht imagine, were cheering and raising their glasses as they came into port. but they remain onboard still as a precautionary measu t. then we ha case of the cruise ship in jap. the diamond princess currently stuck ina. yokoh it has over three and a half thousand people on board and no one is getting off. that is because over 200 people on ts ship, passengers and crew, are infected. our reporter is at the port. reporter: the number of infections on board the diamond princess behind me in yokohama hasumped. 44 new cases confirmed today. at followed the 39 cases yesterday. that brings the total number of ioinfe fm the ship to 218. that means as we know now, that this is now the single biggest outbreak of the virus anywhere outside mainland china. the japanese government has made a small concession to the criticism that has been building
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of the way it is handlg this outbreak. ey have said that a very elderly people over the age of 80 will be allowed to disembark if u they haveerlying health conditions or if they are in one of those inside cabins tt don't have any outside windows or balconies. expect to see that start happening maybe tonight or on friday. but there are many questions that remain. first of all, obviously, are infections taking place? ishe virus still circulating around thehip? no one really knows. the other big question is why, still, has a japanese government not managed to test all the rdpassengers and crew on b ros: for more information on the coronavirus, you can find itt bbc.com/news. no shortage of political drama in the u.k. the head of the chancellor has resigned. it happened in the middle of boris johnson's cabinet reshuffle. here is the political editor laura kunz berger saying he was
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offered to stay on as chancellor on condition he fire all of his advisors. he refused andjourned down the this is widely seen as part of a power struggle between the prime minister's ofsuce in the tr. the outcome is the man now i the job is an mp who has been ah mp for les five years. here is the man who is taki speakingbout his decision to quit. >> was unable to accept the conditions that he had attached. i felt i was left with no option other than to resign.my successl support. ros: here is david swinford of the times telling us there willt be a jumber 10, number 11. number 10 being the prime minister, number 11 being the spad team. specialdvisers team to deliver on the government's priorities. stephen says this iseismic stuff. the point being these two operations are normally kept well apart.
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heres jim picard from the ft saying once again, dominic cummings is becoming the story. ihedominic cummings, chief advisor to the primema minister, ermind of boris johnson's operations since he became prime minister. we know this is a man onn a misso reshape the u.k. civil service, including how special advisors work. making some progress with that, but the timing is tricky. the government is heading toward its first budget. the beginnfg o what sergeant joe witt was going to call a decade ever knew. says next month, dominicdian cummings will make history when he becomes the first unelected jones is joking bute not entirely because mr. cummings has flexed his muscles and he willave more influence over the treasury now than he did at the beginning of the day. reporter: personally, there has been nothing lost. the chancellor and the prime minister's main political is thought to be his right-hand
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man to call shots on these things, it is interesting because since 1997 when tony blair came to power, the chancellor, the finance minister has enjoyed a degree of autonomy in the u.k. they get most of what they want that carried on through david cameron and george osborne and even under theresa may and philip hammond. nowar we have ad change when number 10, the prime minister, number 11, the chancellor orr finance minister. that has an undertone policy differences. the policy differences there was that the outgoing chancellor was acting as a brake on spending. the new government wants to spend more than the previous government did which was committed to ausrity. the chancellor was saying hang on, we need to have fiscal rules. whereas the prime minister's office and his advisers wanted there to be more of a loosening of the pursestrings. in the chancellor wa more
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pro-eu, he voted to remain where is the new chancellor iknown -- is more brexity. and that may suggest there is a harder brexit to come. ros: tre were other notable departures from the cabinet. northern ireland secretary, environment secretary, business secretary, housingte min all gone. staying though, a range of high-profile brexit tears. the foreman -- the former secretary, leader of the house of commons and minister for the cabinet office. e other important change, the attorney general has resigned after being asked to buy the as actually resigning.the same he wl be replaced by a foer u.s. attorney, a brexit advocate and a woman who t accordi this article in the daily mirrorba promised to tak control from judges who she says are trespassing on politics. some will s it the other way
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around. remember, the conservatives election manifesto promised after brexit, we need to lookt the broader aspects of our constitution, the relationship between the government, parliament, and the courts. let's bri in nick ed lee, live from weston's -- westminster. it is difficult to know which y turn. let's start with the new man in numb 11. what does that change in terms of t how uk's economy will run? : i don't think poli will be radically different. i was at a briefing in downing all meant.bout what this the prime minister's spokesman was less than forthcoming with whether the fiscal targets that the old chancellor has set would still be there. i think it is unlikely it will change drastically. they have not committed to that yet. the biggest change thate will see in the short term is that number 10 and number 11 downing street, the prime minister and the chancellor will be expected to work off exactly the same page. it is a big deal to take all of
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the advisorse from treasury, the people that tell the chancellor howo rmulate policy and how to communicate it with the public through the media, for them all to be brought under the guise of number 10 and ultimately answerable to the prime snister. it dean that boris johnson will have a much firmer contrt over wes on in economic policy. does that mean that the government will wange its polidly? the truth is, that is not going to become clear for a few weeks yet. you will now know when big policies are announced that there is -- that theyre as much to do with boris johnson as they are to do with the new chancellor. ros: speakgf taking back control, the new attorney general says she wants toehange th relationship betwn politicians and the judiciary. do we have detail? on whathat might mean -- detail on what that might mean? reporter: no. we know it was in the manifesto. they talked about having an
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inquiry onto how the relaonship between the courts and politicians has worked out. a lot o talk in the tory -- folk and tory party and downing street w are unhappyh the way that some judges over in the brexit process made what the saw, with the people in number party saw as politicalhe tory statements. if you think about article 50 being triggered. that went through the courts. when boris johnson tried to pa up parliament and send everybody home for a few weeks, but was blocked by the courts. there is the feeling in number 10 that that relationship needs to be reset. exactly what that means is a very delicate question. and there are many in government who are worried that ministers ght try to go too far. i don't think you are about to y see politicapointed judges. that is something number 10 is reluctant to do. there are changes coming itfaill binating to see how far they go. ros: thank you very much indeed. plenty more detail on all the shenanigans in westminster today
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by the bbc news website. nasa says it has uncovered evidence which could get rid of the big bang theory. it has said that the universe begun much more gently. ♪ ros: president trump is saying he does not mind if the philippines ends a long-standing military agreement as it will save him a lot o money. howard johnson has more. reporter: despite a six-month negotiation period before the termination of the legal effect, donald trump's comment sounded like a rubberstamping v the end of titing forces agreement. pres. trump: we hope the fit -- help the philippines very much, we helped them defeat isis. i have a very good relationship there. but i don't mind if they would like to do that. . would save a lot of mon reporter:reporter: the philippine presidentdeook the sion to cut the pact with america after it revoked a visa of former police chief over allegations of gross human
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rights abuses connected to the. country's war on drugs u.sar defense secrmark esper called the decision by the philippines unfortunate. it comes at a 10 -- at a time of hecloser relations between philippines and china. a country that is partly financing the president's flagship infrastructure building strategy. ♪ [speaking foreign language] -- ♪ ros: our lead story is china has suffered its worst date t for deaths from the coronavirus. numbers have gone up shortly -- sharply. let's talk about mikerg bloom the world's ninth richest person, former new york mayor and a man who wants to be president. he doesn't officially arrive on the ballot until march 3, super party will hold primaries across 14 states. he is very much in this race already. on wednesday, donald trump said he was more worried about facing bernie sanders. today, he has been tweeting,
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many -- many mike is 5'4", stage with professional debate politicians. he crate -- hates crazy bernie and will possibly stop him which sounds like someone who may be just a little bit bothered by bloomber candidacy. mike bloomberg hit back saying, we know many of the same people in new york. bbehind youk, they laugh at you and call you a carnival barking clown. they know you inherited a fortune and squandered it. i have the record to defeat you and ill. it is evident mr. bloomberg sees the president as an attack linew this was lask. >> do you think peoplein are rested in seeing two billionaires fight out over twitter or in the way that you htseem to be going at it r no >> two billionaires. who is the second one? inros: let's brinnthony zurcher in washingn, d.c. they are keeng it classy. [laughter] anthony: yeah, absolutely. you have to remember, these two
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individuals have history that goes back decades in w york city. personal in a new york citying politics sort of, w trading insults, i gss i should not be it is a fight that michael bloomberg ihelooking for. is seeking this out because i think he views this as elevating his standing among the democrats, proving he is somebody who could go t to toe with donald trump and in his own element on social media and come out the better for it. her candidates have trie generally, it is difficult to take on donald trump in these situations. ros: in this curious situation where he is campaigning but not on the ballot yet. anthony: no, he is not on the ballot. he is doing something as modern american presidential primary of politics and that is skipng iowa and new hampshire td the other early states and focusing solely super tuesday states. a whole handful of states across
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the country, some of them very large like texas and california that are holding their primaries the first tuesday in march. theory is he does not need to build up steam in iowa or new hampshire. he doesn' need t make a name for himself that way. he has virturely a limitless urce, $62 billion in personal wealth that he can devote towards adversing in these states like california, texas, that are huge media maets that none of thether candidates save for maybe bernie sanders can compete with. because they just don't have the campaign resources. it is unconventional, it has neveen tried before. in theory, it could work becotse money is n an issue forle him. 's talk about ros:. won byoney alone. limburg has spent $300 million. that is more than all ate other cand put together. more than barack obama spent on his entire campaign in 2012 and it is having an impact. look at this poll fr earlier this week. mike bloomberg that puts him behind joe biden
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who isaving an awful weekend bernie sanders who is having a much better one. mr. blmberg saying he is willing to spend $1 billion taking on donald trump. her he is the democrati candidate or not. much of that money willta go on eted ads. here is steph kite to explain. reporter: the trump campaign really found this new way to use facebook to benefit the campaign, to push out ads. theylleally figured out a r unique trick. theywi are kee this campaign advertising. now we are seeing bloomberg who oris spending even than trump on facebook ads and other television ads and netrk advertising, and continuing go after trump. one thing we have noticed in a lot of his ads is he presents himself as a stark contrast to trump. he goes after trump's policie he spes little tim going after other democratic candidates. whenreed, bloomberg will critize in subtle ways that he is all about running the general
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election. he is running his campaign as if it is hi you see that a lot in the ads that he is putting out. ros: it is not just buying conventional ads the bloomberg campaign has commissioned some of the internet's top viral content creators to create content for him. a group called meme 2020 has create a content for instagram.o a kals one example, salad, around three andn alf millllowers. it is in the format of a conversation between mr. bloomberg and the account owner. mr. bloomberg asks if they could compare him to kale. the pa replies that is not funny mr. bloomberg says i will give you $1 billion. there is a lot more like this. all of this sponsored by mike bloomberg. the reaction has been mixed. here's one person saying anyone sharing this bloomberg stuff -- meme is forever canceled. pass it on. here'ssonother psaying i'm not a bloomberg fan but this
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strategy of leaning into meme accoun is kind of great. anthony, help me out, what is the plan? is the idea to reach people who r don't see tv ads cebook ads? anthony: i think that is absolutely the plan. lie r is michael bloomberg is running his presidential campaignika multibillion-dollar media empire, which he heads. it iifferent kind of a strategy. when you have these resources that he has, he can try different avenues, try different exrimental techniques tout may be pre campaigns have not tried or have not been applied to tditionalgnolitical campg. somve been talking with bernie sanders supporters over the past week. i was at his headquarters ao couple nights new hampshire. i brought up michael bloomberg to them. boy, they do not like him. bernie sanders has campaigned against billionaires over the course of the past fiveears. and for them to face a prospect
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of a billisoaire seeking ces into these advertising campaigns in such a huge amount, they view it as another example of a s their guy.s out to get ros: if, thank you very much. those of you watching, if you watch for the end zone the bbb --, bbc news app you will find his analysis. it is the first thing i turned to. i recommend you do the same thing. we are going to finish -- you were created in a series of incredibly powerful explosions like this one that hed bee re-cre well, maybe this didn't .ppen after a nasa'sewpa horizoncraft reached this strangely shaped object on the far side of our solar system. it led scientists to conclude planets where the product of some gentle coming together rather than big bangs. an stern as part of the new horizons mission. he is based intt s -- that is not seattle but he is based in seattle.
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and he spoke to me earlier. >> for decades n, we have had different theoretical models of how the early starms of planet ion worked. and they are quite different in should see when you actuallyou finally get to go to something that is ancient and undisturbed and unchanged since the and we did that with the new horizon ace group. we went to the farthest edge of the solar system, at least ou planetary system. we went out to the quaker belt where temperatures are near and made a flyby of a small building block of planets, something we call a planetesimals. the data returned had been very dechsive in telling us w theory is the right theory and which theories don't work. focusing on the wrong theories all these years? >> no, it is the way scienc works.
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people develop ideas for what physics is important a them in the computer. they make better and better universe might work.ow the but we need data to guide us. this is our first chance to study something like this that was actually formed 4.5 billion years ago. . but equally and importantly, has been unchanged ever since. we have never been able to do that before. this is kind of the equivalent of archaeological dig in the history of planet formation. ros: tell us about the data. what was it about the data that made you and others think ok, this is giving us a really clear indication that planets were formed in specific ways? >> there was a number of differenthe clues coming from imagery and the other items. fori example, an have a little model that i can show you -- it is about 35 kilometers. it is about the size of the city of london. but you can see it has two
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together. eces that are stuck that is called a contact binary. from making geological analyses of both of the lobes in the dy, this is a tiny hand model of it, you can telthey came together very gently. androm their light colors and light compositions, and other clues like their shape, the three-dimensional shape, we were able to rule out one theory and rule in the other two objects must have formed out of the same stuff in the very same local region of the solar system. ros: sometimes we are lucky enough to have guests on the sh t and i couk to that for hours. a fascinating discovery from nasa. gure very much to alan for speaking to ue if you tunin on pbs, we will see you next week at the usual times. bye-bye. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, an online program developed by language specialists teaching spanish, french d more.
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narrator: funding was also provided by... the frman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. bs. ♪
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narrator: funding for is presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that teaches real life convsations and uses speech recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freemadation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs stion from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and

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